How Long Does an Eviction Process Take in Alabama?

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Published on November 15,2023
Eda Mendoza

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Eviction Process in Alabama

To evict a tenant in Alabama entails a landlord serving a written notice to the tenant, filing an unlawful detainer lawsuit in the appropriate district court, ensuring compliance with all legal requirements, and seeking assistance from a qualified attorney for optimal guidance and success throughout the proceedings.

As a landlord in Alabama, you must serve the tenant with a written eviction notice to terminate the lease. This notice must specify the acts or omissions constituting the breach. The rental agreement will terminate at least seven business days after the tenant receives the notice.

To properly serve the notice, you can personally deliver it to the tenant or any person residing on the premises. If no one is present, you can post the notice and mail a copy to the tenant. Another option is to deliver the notice to a process server for service.

If the tenant doesn't comply or vacate the property within the notice period, you can then file a complaint in court. The complaint should include the names of both the landlord and tenant, the rental property address, and the grounds for eviction. It's important to provide the date of notice served and any relevant documents, such as the lease agreement.

Once the complaint is filed, you must notarize the summons and complaint with the county clerk. Serve each named tenant with the summons and complaint and prepare copies of necessary documents, such as the notice served on the tenant, lease agreement, and proof of service. Filing fees vary by county and can be found on the county court website.

The tenant may file a written response within 7 days if they contest the eviction. Valid legal defenses may include self-help eviction, curable violation resolution, discrimination, retaliatory eviction, lease compliance, failure to maintain the rental unit, or substantial errors in the notice or complaint. If the tenant fails to contest the eviction, the process may proceed.


The court will schedule a hearing where both parties should bring their lease agreement, notice to quit/comply/pay, complaint, evidence, and witnesses. If the judge rules in favor of the landlord, a Writ of Execution will be issued. This court order gives the tenant 7-day notice to move out voluntarily. If the tenant fails to do so, the sheriff or constable will forcibly remove them.


The eviction process in Alabama can take 1 to 3 months, depending on various factors and delays. It's always advisable to follow the proper legal procedures and consult with an attorney to ensure compliance with the Alabama eviction laws.


Can Tenant Defenses Impact the Duration of Eviction in Alabama?

If you contest the eviction in Alabama, valid tenant defenses can potentially impact the duration of the eviction process. Under Alabama law, when a landlord believes that a tenant has violated the lease agreement or failed to pay rent, they may file an eviction lawsuit. However, tenants have the right to defend themselves and present valid legal defenses. These defenses may include self-help eviction, curable violation resolution, discrimination, retaliatory eviction, lease compliance, failure to maintain the rental unit, or substantial errors in the notice or complaint.

When a tenant files a written response contesting the eviction within 7 days, the court will consider their defenses. If any valid defense is proven, the court may dismiss the eviction lawsuit, except for errors in legal documents. However, it's important for tenants to serve the landlord with the response containing the defenses, as failure to contest the eviction may result in the process proceeding.

Tenant Rights in Alabama Evictions: What You Need to Know

Tenants in Alabama eviction process have the right to receive proper notice before they can be evicted. Landlords must provide written notice to tenants stating the reason for the eviction and the date by which the tenant must vacate the property. This notice must be delivered personally or sent through certified mail.


If a tenant believes that the eviction is unlawful or that the landlord didn't follow the proper procedures, they can choose to challenge the eviction in court. This allows tenants to present their case and protect their rights.

Landlords are required to maintain the property in a safe and livable condition. This includes ensuring that the property is free from hazards, such as mold or pest infestations, and that essential utilities, such as heat and water, are provided.

Tenants have the right to notice of court proceedings. If a landlord files an eviction lawsuit, the tenant must be notified of the court date and the opportunity to present their case in court. This ensures tenants have a fair chance to defend themselves and protect their rights.

Mediation's Role in Alabama Eviction Proceedings: Explained

Mediation plays a crucial role in Alabama eviction proceedings by offering a collaborative, alternative dispute resolution method that can help landlords and tenants reach mutually beneficial agreements and potentially avoid the complexities and adversarial nature of court battles.

Explore how mediation actively facilitates resolution in Alabama eviction proceedings, providing an effective and efficient way to address conflicts between landlords and tenants. Mediation plays a crucial role in eviction by offering a voluntary and neutral platform for both parties to come together and find mutually agreeable solutions. In this process, a trained mediator helps facilitate communication, encourages understanding, and guides the parties toward reaching a resolution.

Mediation begins with the landlord and tenant voluntarily agreeing to participate in the process. It offers them an opportunity to discuss their concerns, express their interests, and explore potential options for resolving the conflict. The mediator remains impartial and helps the parties focus on finding common ground and reaching a mutually beneficial agreement.


One of the key benefits of mediation is its efficiency. It can significantly reduce the time and expense associated with going to court. Mediation allows for a more flexible and informal approach, enabling the parties to work towards a resolution that meets their specific needs and interests. It also promotes a more cooperative and collaborative atmosphere, fostering better relationships between landlords and tenants.


Mediation can address various issues related to eviction, such as nonpayment of rent, lease violations, or disagreements over rental property conditions. It provides an opportunity for both parties to express their concerns, discuss possible solutions, and ultimately come to a resolution that satisfies both their interests.

Enforcing Eviction: Law Enforcement's Role in Alabama Cases

In Alabama, law enforcement plays a vital role in enforcing eviction orders by executing writs of possession, ensuring a peaceful transition, and upholding the legal process with a focus on maintaining order and fairness.

A Writ of Possession is issued, which authorizes law enforcement to forcibly remove the tenant if they haven't moved out voluntarily. Coordinating between law enforcement and the landlord ensures a smooth and peaceful transition.

In these eviction cases, law enforcement's primary responsibility is to maintain order and ensure the safety of all parties involved. They're tasked with executing the Writ of Possession and facilitating the physical removal of the tenant from the property. Their presence helps to deter any potential conflicts or disputes that may arise during the eviction process.

Q: How long does the eviction process take in Alabama?

A: The eviction process can vary in length depending on the reason for eviction and whether the tenant chooses to fight the eviction. Usually, the landlord needs to give a notice to pay or a seven-day notice to quit. If the tenant does not comply, the landlord can then proceed with the eviction action. After court proceedings, the eviction could take between two to six weeks. Please note timelines can vary and it could take longer in some cases.

Q: How does a landlord serve the tenant an eviction notice in Alabama?

A: In the state of Alabama, a landlord can serve an eviction notice, also known as a 7-day notice to pay rent or a notice to vacate, in person, by mail, or by posting it on the tenant's door (if they are unavailable). The notice must clearly state the violation of the lease and what the tenant needs to do to fix the issue.

Q: What is included in the Alabama eviction process?

A: The Alabama eviction process begins with issuing the tenant a notice - either a 7-day notice to pay, 7-day notice to comply or a 30-day notice to quit. If the tenant does not comply, the landlord may file for eviction with the county court, and a hearing date will be set. If the eviction is granted, the county sheriff will execute the eviction.

Q: What can a tenant in Alabama do to fight an eviction?

A: A tenant in Alabama can fight an eviction by attending the hearing and presenting a defense. The defense could be based on the fact that the eviction notice was not properly served, the landlord is not maintaining the rental property as required by law, or that the landlord is retaliating against the tenant. It is advisable to seek legal counsel for this process.

Q: When can a landlord begin the eviction process in Alabama?

A: A landlord can begin the eviction process in Alabama once a tenant has failed to pay rent or has violated the terms of the lease or rental agreement in some other way. The landlord must first serve a 7-day notice to quit or a 30-day notice to quit. If the tenant does not comply with the notice, landlords may proceed with the eviction process by filing an eviction action in court.

Q: How long does a tenant have to move out after an eviction notice in Alabama?

A: If a tenant receives a 7-day notice to pay rent in Alabama, they have seven days to either pay the rent or move out. If they receive a 30-day notice, they have 30 days to rectify the issue or vacate. If they receive a 7-day notice to comply due to a lease violation, they must address and resolve the specific issue within the seven-day period to avoid eviction proceedings.

Q: What happens if a notice to terminate the lease is given, but the tenant refuses to leave the rental property in Alabama?

A: If a notice to terminate the lease is given and the tenant in Alabama refuses to leave, the landlord has the right to file a lawsuit for an eviction case. However, the tenant is allowed to remain in the property until an official eviction order is issued by the court. After the entry of the judgment, the tenant will be given a specific amount of time (typically 24-48 hours) to vacate the property.